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Research progress on biodegradation of dioctyltin dicocoate

Dioctyltin dicocoate (DOTE), as an organotin compound, is widely used in plastic stabilizers, catalysts and other fields. of great concern, but its environmental persistence and bioaccumulation have caused deep concern among environmentalists and chemists. In order to alleviate these environmental problems, research on the biodegradation of DOTE has become a hot spot in the field of scientific research, aiming to find effective degradation pathways and reduce its impact on the ecosystem. The following is an overview of research progress in DOTE biodegradation in recent years.

Microbial degradation research

Microbial degradation is one of the direct and effective ways to solve organic pollutants. Studies have found that certain specific microbial populations are able to metabolize DOTE or its degradation products. For example, certain fungi and bacteria have shown the ability to degrade organotin compounds. By screening, isolating and characterizing these microorganisms, scientists are trying to unravel their degradation mechanisms, including identifying key enzyme systems and metabolic pathways involved in degradation. It is worth noting that some microorganisms can convert DOTE into relatively harmless or easily biodegradable products through oxidation, reduction or hydrolysis reactions.

Enzymatic degradation

In addition to directly utilizing microorganisms, research has also focused on extracting specific enzymes from microorganisms, such as esterases and dehalogenases, which can specifically catalyze the degradation of DOTE. The advantages of enzymatic degradation include mild reaction conditions, high selectivity, and easy process control. By optimizing the expression and activity of these enzymes through genetic engineering technology, scientists are working hard to improve their efficiency and stability in practical applications and provide an efficient means for biological treatment of DOTE.

Combined degradation system

Given that a single microorganism or enzyme may not be sufficient to completely degrade DOTE or the degradation efficiency is not high, building a joint degradation system has become a new strategy. This includes the combined application of microbial co-culture systems and enzyme engineering, aiming to simulate the complex biodegradation network in nature and improve overall degradation efficiency. By optimizing the composition and proportion of the microbial population, as well as the type and timing of enzyme addition, the combined degradation system can degrade DOTE more effectively and even target intermediate products in its degradation process to further accelerate the entire process.

The impact of environmental factors on degradation

Environmental factors, such as pH, temperature, oxygen supply, and coexisting pollutants, have a significant impact on the biodegradation of DOTE. Research shows that suitable environmental conditions can significantly promote the growth and metabolic activities of microorganisms, thereby accelerating the degradation of DOTE. Therefore, understanding and regulating these factors is crucial for designing efficient biodegradation systems.

Future Outlook

Although preliminary progress has been made in the biodegradation research of DOTE, it still faces many challenges, such as improving the degradation efficiency and deepening the degradation mechanism. Understand and scale application of environmentally friendly processing technologies. Future research will focus on discovering more efficient degrading microorganisms and enzymes, optimizing degradation conditions, and developing environmentally compatible and cost-effective biological treatment processes. In addition, the application of high-throughput technologies such as genomics, proteomics and metabolomics will provide powerful tools to reveal the molecular mechanism of DOTE degradation and promote in-depth research in this field.

In summary, research on the biodegradation of dioctyltin dicocoate is in a stage of rapid development, through microbiology, enzymology and environmental engineering. The comprehensive application provides new ideas and hope for solving the problem of degradation of environmental pollutants. With the deepening of research and the advancement of technology, we have reason to believe that more effective and environmentally friendly methods can be found in the future to deal with and reduce the potential harm of DOTE to the environment.

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